CANADIAN PRAIRIE TIMELINE: 18671916
1869 Canada purchases Rupert's Land from the Hudson's
Bay Company. In response, Louis Riel leads the Métis in occupying
Fort Garry at what is now Winnipeg.
1870 The Province of Manitoba is created. The Red River
Rebellion is quelled.
1871 The first of the Numbered Treaties is negotiated
between the Dominion of Canada and the First People of the western territories.
The treaties help clear the way for large scale non-Aboriginal settlement.
1873 A period of economic depression begins in Canada.
The North-West Mounted Police are formed. The City of Winnipeg is incorporated.
1875 The North-West Territories becomes a distinct political
entity with its own lieutenant governor and council.
1877 Treaty No. 7 is signed.
It is the last of the numbered treaties covering the prime agricultural land
in the southern Prairies. The University of Manitoba the oldest university
in Western Canada is established.
1878 Sir John A. Macdonald leads the Conservative Party to
victory in a federal election. His government introduces its National Policy
supporting protective tariffs, a transcontinental railway and immigration to
1883 Regina becomes capital of the North-West Territories.
1885 Riel leads the Northwest Rebellion. The Métis
are defeated at Batoche and Riel is hanged in Regina. The last spike of the
transcontinental railway is driven in B.C. Banff is established as Canada's
first National Park.
1890 Manitoba Liberals under Thomas Greenway halt public
funding of Catholic schools.
1896 The national economic depression, which began in 1873,
finally ends. Clifford Sifton becomes Canada's Minister of the Interior.
1901 Alberta's population hits 73,000. Within ten years
it will top 374,000.
1903 The City of Regina formerly known as Pile O' Bones
1904 Edmonton is incorporated as a city.
1905 The Provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan are formed
"amidst universal rejoicing," according to Saskatchewan's first
1907 Marquis wheat, a fast-maturing variety much-needed by
Prairie farmers, is developed by government plant breeders. The University of
Saskatchewan is established.
1908 The University of Alberta opens in Edmonton. The
Regina Symphony Orchestra has its inaugural concert.
1911 The population of Saskatchewan nears the half-million
mark, five times its population in 1901.
1912 The first Calgary Stampede is held.
1913 400,870 immigrants come to Canada, setting a one-year
record that remains unchallenged.
1914 Britain declares war on Germany, automatically drawing
Canada into the conflict. Parliament passes the War Measures Act. Within a year,
the number of new immigrants to Canada drops to 37,000, less than one-tenth
the annual volume of 1912 and 1913.
1915 Area seeded to wheat in Canada surpasses 15-million
acres, almost quadruple the area of 1900. Wheat production nears 400-million
bushels, more than seven times the amount produced in 1900.
1916 Improved farm land in Saskatchewan nears 20 million
acres, up from 1.1-million in 1901.