The Canadian Arctic Expedition surveyed the Arctic coast of the Yukon along what
is now the northern border of
National Park. In the spring of 1914 Chipman and Cox surveyed the coastline
from Demarkation Point to Herschel Island and the mouth of the Mackenzie River.
Later Cox and O'Neill completed topographical work on the Firth River from the
mouth to the International Boundary near the present border between Ivvavik and
Vuntut National Parks. They collected many invertebrate fossils along the river,
and recorded encounters with local people travelling along the river.
On the return trip to Nome from Bernard Harbour in the summer
of 1916, the Expedition schooner Alaska made a few stops along the north Yukon
coast in the Park area.
"Nunaluk. ...we ran back about a mile and inside of the ice strip, so that
Captain Sweeney's wife Eunice could be landed at Kamarkuk, about 30 miles west
of Herschell Island, where her parents are supposed to be... Landed Mrs. Sweeney's
stuff here, (purchased by Sweeney and deducted from his account).... Several Eskimo
tents there" (R.M. Anderson Diary, August 3, 1916, Yukon Territory).
Firth River just above Ichthout, water in the river
starting to run, Yukon Territory. April 10, 1914. JRC 39494.
Source: Canadian Museum of Civilization
Meeting Inuit from Herschel Island (including Roxy, David,
and Sakitchuk) with two dog teams above the Blow Hole on the Firth River, Yukon
Territory. April 11, 1914. JRC 39495. Source: Canadian Museum of