Europeans have been fishing on the high seas since
the Middle Ages.
ver the centuries, inshore
fishermen adapted their ways to be able to fish farther from shore. By
1400, they were fishing for cod in the North Sea and the Irish Sea, as
well as off the coast of Iceland.
When Newfoundland was discovered, Europeans came to fish on the edge
of the New World. Companies outfitted ships at ports along the Atlantic
and the English Channel, and financed expeditions that lasted close
to a year.
Fishing in the northern ocean in the late
Middle Ages (detail)
Reproduction of a woodcut from Historia de Gentibus
septentrionalibus by Olaus Magnus, published in Rome in 1555
(The Stewart Museum at the Fort, Île Sainte-Hélène,
Date Created: May 18, 2001 | Last Updated: April 30, 2010